Dental implants are a type of dental treatment. A dental implant is the fixation of an artificial piece in the jaw bone that replaces the root of a lost tooth.
It is done when tooth loss occurs.
The procedure consists of, first of all, making a diagnosis of the patient to develop a treatment proposal. Diagnostic tests include various imaging tests like scan. Afterwards, plaster models of the possible treatment are made, and with all this information, the surgery is planned.
The intervention is carried out in different phases. The implants are first placed into the bone (maxilla or mandible). The implants remain buried in the bone and covered by the gums for the time necessary for osseointegration, between three and five months.
The 2nd phase of the treatment consists of making a small eyelet in the gum connecting the implant inside the bone with the oral cavity. For that, a titanium attachment is screwed to the implant, which is the intermediate step to place the definitive prosthesis or crown.
The postoperative period is not painful. The patient may suffer from a swelling of the face and perhaps a bruise for the next seven to ten days. During this period, you must take the medication prescribed by the surgeon and follow a white diet. In addition, it is necessary that the patient put ice on the affected area, do not press the area with the tongue, do not smoke, do not consume alcohol and do not play sports.
This surgical intervention can be classified into different types, depending on the phases in which it is carried out.
Recent dental implants: when the extraction and implant take between six and eight weeks.
Delayed implants: when the dentist first regenerates the bone and then for implantation, he/she need to wait about 6 months.
Mature dental implants: if more than 9 months have elapsed between both phases.
There are several differences between traditional implants and immediate loading implants.
The classic implant protocol goes through the placement of the implant. In this case, it is compulsory to wait between two and three months for the phenomenon of osseointegration to occur, which consists of the direct and solid union between the bone and the implant. Once this time has elapsed, the implant is osseointegrated and can be screwed in to put a tooth or bridge into masticatory function.
In contrast, the immediate loading protocol consists of skipping this waiting time for osseointegration in a controlled manner. So, the tooth or teeth can be screwed in on the same day of surgery.
This procedure can even be done by extracting the teeth on the same day as the implant placement and the placement of the screw-retained provisional prosthesis.
Advantages of immediate loading implants compared to traditional ones. The main benefits that immediate loading implants have over conventional implants are:
Aesthetics due to the immediacy of implant placement
Reduction of appointments to the consultation, since this avoids a second surgery to connect the implants
In any case, immediate loading implants are a significant advance since the patient can leave the consultation with the fixed prosthesis the same day of the intervention, thus avoiding the classic removable provisionals.
As long as the treatment is performed by a dental implant specialist with experience in immediate loading implants, the success rates can always be comparable to traditional techniques.