The need and importance of placing prostheses are directly related to the fundamental functional characteristics of our patients.
The permanent dentition (in perfect condition) ensures:
effective food chewing;
Correct articulation of words and perfect phonetic;
Balanced facial aesthetic aspect and a beautiful smile, improving self-esteem and social skills.
We must also consider placing prosthetics to avoid harmful repercussions caused by the loss of teeth, such as:
- Incorrect movements of adjacent teeth and rash of the opposite tooth, leading to an occlusal and functional imbalance.
- Pathologies of the temporomandibular joint (which articulates the jaw to the skull).
- Loss of the bone that supports the tooth, thus weakening the structure of the jaws.
When tooth loss is inevitable, we must always consider its replacement. In this area, it is always possible to make the oral rehabilitation of the patient by the confection of fixed or removable prostheses that allow restoring facial, masticatory, and phonetic harmony of the patient.
Removable prostheses rely directly on gums, oral mucosa, and possibly in existing teeth. They are carried out in acrylic and metal alloys, and their effectiveness is often limited by the remaining dental parts and structure, both bone or mucosal, which will bear it.
In these prostheses, artificial teeth are real estate for natural teeth or implants by various mechanisms dependent on the number of absent teeth and the state of the present teeth.
It is possible to resort to unit crowns such as bridges of various elements and reach the placement of complete dental arcades with a fantastic effect both at anatomous-functional and aesthetic and comfort for the patient.