Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery

Orthognathic surgery can correct the shape, size, and position of the jaws. Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a medical and surgical specialty that treats congenital or acquired diseases and malformations of the mouth, face, and neck, from diagnosis to prevention and treatment.

Salivary Glands

Salivary glands are exocrine glands that are part of the digestive system and are responsible for producing and releasing saliva in the oral cavity.

Salivary glands can be classified according to their function and size between:

  • Minor salivary glands: secondary and accessory, found distributed in the mucosa and submucosa of the mouth organs, including the labial, buccal, palatine, and lingual glands.
  • Major salivary glands: the parotid, sublingual and submandibular glands.

Salivary Gland Tumors

The probability of the tumor being malignant is greater the smaller the size of the salivary gland. Furthermore, salivary gland tumors are usually palpable before they become visible.

It is one of the most comprehensive areas of Dentistry. This specialty comprises the diagnosis and surgical treatment of diseases, traumas, and deformities involving soft and hard tissues of the head, mouth, teeth, gums, jaws, and neck.

Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery covers a wide range of procedures, including:

Extractions

  • All teeth that cannot remain in the oral cavity must be extracted, namely teeth with very extensive non-recoverable caries, teeth without bone support, impacted teeth, supernumerary teeth.

Apicectomy

  • Some periapical lesions (cyst at the apex of the root) may not regress through endodontic treatment and therefore need to be surgically removed. Concomitantly, the root apex is removed, associated with a retro-filling for perfect sealing.

Maxillary Sinus Elevation

  • This procedure aims to increase bone mass in the region of premolars and molars, subsequently allowing the placement of implants that otherwise would not be possible.

Removal of Cysts and Tumors

  • Both soft tissue and hard tissue.

Periodontal surgery

  • frenectomy, gingivectomy, mucus-gingival grafts

Technology – PRP

Currently, most of these procedures are performed using an important tissue regeneration technique. 

FAQ For Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery

What problems can impacted teeth cause?

The impacted teeth can cause several complications such as:

  • Pericoronitis
  • Tooth Crowding
  • Dental Caries in Adjacent Teeth
  • Pathologies Such as Cysts and Tumors
  • Paresthesias (altered sensitivity)
  • Jaw Fracture

Why are teeth included?

Teeth can be included, that is, not erupt and occupy their position in the arch, for several reasons:

  • resistance of the fibro mucosa that covers the tooth due to its density
  • bone tissue strength
  • lack of space in the dental arch
  • very bulky teeth
  • obstacles due to neighboring tooth or other structure
  • the permanence of deciduous teeth for too long
  • early loss of deciduous teeth altering the position of the permanent ones

Should all included teeth be extracted?

No. There are impacted teeth that must be tractioned to take their place in the dental arch.